Pontische Genocide: verschil tussen versies

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[[Plaetje:Great Fire of Smyrna.jpg|thumb|250px|De groôte brand van Smyrna in [[1922]]]]
De '''Pontische genocide''' of '''Griekse genocide''' ([[Grieks]]: Γενοκτονία των Ελλήνων) was een etnische zuvering gepleegd op de christelijke [[Pontische Grieken]] in het [[Ottomaonse Riek]] tiejens en nae de [[Eêrste Wereldoorlog]] tussen 1914-1922 onger leiding van de beweging van de [[Jonge Turken]]. Ierbie kwamme vogges verscheie bronnen tussen de 750.000<ref name=" Jones, Adam 2010 150-151 ">{{cite book| author= Jones, Adam |title=Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction |publisher=Taylor & Francis |year=2010 |pages=150–151 |isbn=0415486181 |quote= By the beginning of the First World War, a majority of the region’s ethnic Greeks still lived in present-day Turkey, mostly in Thrace (the only remaining Ottoman territory in Europe, abutting the Greek border), and along the Aegean and Black Sea coasts. They would be targeted both prior to and alongside the Armenians of Anatolia and Assyrians of Anatolia and Mesopotamia. The major populations of “Anatolian Greeks” include those along the Aegean coast and in Cappadocia (central Anatolia), but not the Greeks of the Thrace region west of the Bosphorus…A “Christian genocide” framing acknowledges the historic claims of Assyrian and Greek peoples, and the movements now stirring for recognition and restitution among Greek and Assyrian diasporas. It also brings to light the quite staggering cumulative death toll among the various Christian groups targeted…of the 1.5 million Greeks of Asia minor – Ionians, Pontians, and Cappadocians – approximately 750,000 were massacred and 750,000 exiled. Pontian deaths alone totaled 353,000. }}</ref> en 900.000 Grieken om bie gedwongen deportaoties en massamoôrden.<ref name=" Jones, Adam 2010 166 ">{{cite book |author= Jones, Adam |title=Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction |publisher=Taylor & Francis |year=2010 |page=166 |isbn=0415486181, 9780415486187 |quote= An estimate of the Pontian Greek death toll at all stages of the anti-Christian genocide is about 350,000; for all the Greeks of the Ottoman realm taken together, the toll surely exceeded half a million, and may approach the 900,000 killed that a team of US researchers found in the early postwar period. Most surviving Greeks were expelled to Greece as part of the tumultuous “population exchanges” that set the seal on a heavily “Turkified” state.}}</ref> De Grieken en Turken stonge in de Eêrste Wereldoorlog an tegengestelde kanten en het Jong Turkse regime in Constantinopel zag in de Griekse, net as in de Armeênse christenen, een potentieel vijandige mindereid. Evenas bie de [[Armeênse Genocide]] en de [[Assyrische Genocide]] vinden verhitte discussies plaes tussen voo- en tegenstanders van het gebruuk van het woord [[genocide]]. Verscheie wetenschappers 'ouwe het bie deportaotie en massamoord van de [[Pontische Grieken]], weerbie vaek etnische zivering wor erkend. Turkije ontkent de genocide formeel en verzet z'n eihe tegen internationaole erkenning. Drie lan'n 'ebben de Pontische Genocide erkent, naemelijk [[Hriekenland]], [[Cyprus]] en [[Zweden]].
 
De Griekse Genocide is weinig bekend buten Griekenland. Wellicht speelt een rolle dat tegeliekertied de omvangriekere [[Armeênse Genocide]] was. D'r bin herdenkiengsmonumenten in Griekenland, Australië<ref>http://www.aina.org/news/20120525014153.htm</ref>, de Vereênigde Staeten, Canada en Duutsland.<ref>http://www.greek-genocide.org/memorials.html</ref>
 
== Literature ==
* Akcam, Taner. ''From Empire to Republic: Turkish Nationalism and the Armenian Genocide'', New York: Zed Books, 2004.
* Andreadis, George, ''Tamama: The Missing Girl of Pontos'', Athene: Gordios, 1993.
* Barton, James L. ''The Near East Relief, 1915-1930'', New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1943.
* Barton, James L., Ara Sarafian, ''"Turkish Atrocities": Statements of American Missionaries on the Destruction of Christian Communities in Ottoman Turkey, 1915–1917'', December 1998
* Compton, Carl C. ''The Morning Cometh'', New Rochelle, N.Y.: Aristide D. Caratzas, 1986.
* [http://www.ataa.org/reference/iacom.pdf Documents] of the Inter-Allied Commission of Inquiry into the Greek Occupation of Smyrna and Adjoining Territories
* Karayinnides, Ioannis. ''Ο γολγοθάς του Πόντου (The Golgotha of Pontus)'', Salonica: 1978.
* [[Henry Morgenthau]]. ''The Murder of a Nation'', New York: Armenian General Benevolent Union of America, 1974, 1918.
* ''I Was Sent to Athens'', Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran & Co, 1929.
* ''An International Drama'', London: Jarrolds Ltd., 1930
* Hofmann, Tessa, ''Verfolgung, Vertreibung und Vernichtung der Christen im Osmanischen Reich 1912-1922'', Münster: LIT, 2004. ISBN 3-8258-7823-6. (pp.&nbsp;177–221 on Greeks)
* Housepian Dobkin, Marjorie. ''Smyrna 1922: the Destruction of a City'', New York, NY: Newmark Press, 1998.
* Murat, Jean De. ''The Great Extirpation of Hellenism and Christianity in Asia Minor: the historic and systematic deception of world opinion concerning the hideous Christianity’s uprooting of 1922'', Miami, Fla.: [s.n.], (Athens Greece: A. Triantafillis) 1999.
* Papadopoulos, Alexander. ''Persecutions of the Greeks in Turkey before the European War: on the basis of official documents'', New York: Oxford University Press, American branch, 1919.
* Pavlides, Ioannis. ''Pages of History of Pontus and Asia Minor'', Salonica, Greece, 1980.
* Tsirkinidis, Harry. ''At last we uprooted them...The Genocide of Greeks of Pontos, Thrace, and Asia Minor, through the French archives'', Thessaloniki: Kyriakidis Bros, 1999.
* Ward, Mark H. ''The Deportations in Asia Minor 1921-1922'', London: Anglo-Hellenic League, 1922.
 
 
== Rifferensies ==
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[[Categorie:Geschiedenisse]]
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